Gases as part of the energy system of the future
Gaseous fuels are a quickly accessible source of energy and provide a much-needed addition to our energy system. They improve the reliability of the energy system as the amount of intermittent energy sources, mainly solar and wind power, in the system increases. For example, gas can already now be utilised during windy days as a transport fuel and during windless days in gas-fuelled reserve power machines of the electricity system.
Using gases for speeding up the progress towards carbon neutrality
The various gases and their efficient market are building a bridge towards zero-carbon energy and a carbon-neutral society.
The share of zero-emission electricity in Finland in the future will be much higher than currently. The integration of gas, heating and refrigeration systems brings the necessary flexibility and possibilities to energy storage. The diversity of gases increases and new applications emerge. The gas market and Gasgrid Finland’s transmission network and services form a diverse energy platform that supports the use of various gases, security of supply, gas transmission and the flexibility of the energy system through sectoral integration.
From transmission networks to energy platforms?
In our vision, gas infrastructure can be used in the future to transmit synthetic methane produced with wind or solar power and, following further investment, possibly hydrogen. Synthetic gases could also be a part of the solution to the flexible combining of the various sectors.
Synthetic gas can be produced with technologies such as power-to-gas where renewable electricity is used to separate hydrogen from water. Carbon dioxide obtained from air or other sources is then used to methanate the hydrogen into methane.
Variable wind conditions and cloudiness are challenges faced particularly in wind and solar power production. With development of power-to-gas technology, these electricity generation methods could be used in the future to produce gas for storage and transmission in the gas network.
We believe that the future will see transmission networks turning increasingly into energy platforms.
Gasgrid scenarios 2040
As part of our strategy work for 2020, we developed far-reaching exploratory scenarios that outline the future operating environment and the development of the gas market.
The scenario work sought an in-depth understanding of changes in the operating environment and looked far into the future, while mapping the key forces of change and uncertainty in the operating environment for Gasgrid and the Finnish gas market.
Clients and stakeholders were widely involved in the development of scenarios in the form of questionnaires and workshops and interviews.