Our Company / Development

Gases as part of the energy system of the future

Gaseous fuels are a quickly accessible source of energy and provide a much-needed addition to our energy system. They improve the reliability of the energy system as the amount of intermittent energy sources, mainly solar and wind power, in the system increases. For example, gas can already now be utilised during windy days as a transport fuel and during windless days in gas-fuelled reserve power machines of the electricity system.

Using gases for speeding up the progress towards carbon neutrality

The various gases and their efficient market are building a bridge towards zero-carbon energy and a carbon-neutral society.

The share of zero-emission electricity in Finland in the future will be much higher than currently. The integration of gas, heating and refrigeration systems brings the necessary flexibility and possibilities to energy storage. The diversity of gases increases and new applications emerge. The gas market and Gasgrid Finland’s transmission network and services form a diverse energy platform that supports the use of various gases, security of supply, gas transmission and the flexibility of the energy system through sectoral integration.

From transmission networks to energy platforms?

In our vision, gas infrastructure can be used in the future to transmit synthetic methane produced with wind or solar power and, following further investment, possibly hydrogen. Synthetic gases could also be a part of the solution to the flexible combining of the various sectors.

Synthetic gas can be produced with technologies such as power-to-gas where renewable electricity is used to separate hydrogen from water. Carbon dioxide obtained from air or other sources is then used to methanate the hydrogen into methane.

Variable wind conditions and cloudiness are challenges faced particularly in wind and solar power production. With development of power-to-gas technology, these electricity generation methods could be used in the future to produce gas for storage and transmission in the gas network.

We believe that the future will see transmission networks turning increasingly into energy platforms.

Development projects

Gasgrid Finland participates in development projects in the Baltic Sea region as part of the European Hydrogen Backbone initiative. Through development projects, the hydrogen network in the Baltic Sea region can grow to 5,000 kilometers already by 2030. With the help of the projects and the renewable energy resources of the Baltic Sea region, up to 90 percent of the EU’s clean hydrogen production targets can be achieved.

Baltic Sea Hydrogen Collector

The development project explores the possibilities of building a offshore hydrogen pipeline connecting Finland, Sweden and Germany to enable the production and storage of clean and sustainable hydrogen. Gasgrid  focuses especially on enabling the utilization of wind power in Finland’s maritime areas and the development of the market in the Baltic Sea region. 

The parties in the project are Gasgrid Finland, Nordion Energi and industrial companies OX2 and Copenhagen Infrastucture Partners. 

The companies have agreed to study the possibility of developing a new large-scale offshore hydrogen pipeline infrastructure connecting Finland, Sweden and Central Europe to produce clean and sustainable hydrogen for Europe’s needs. 

BHC aims to connect Finland and Sweden to Åland and Germany by 2030. The offshore project may also be connected to other energy islands in the region such as Gotland and Bornholm in Sweden and Denmark. 

Nordic-Baltic Hydrogen Corridor

The goal of the project is to develop hydrogen infrastructure from Finland through Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland to Germany by 2030. The parties to the project are gas transmission system operators (TSOs): Gasgrid, (Finland), Elering (Estonia), Conexus Baltic Grid (Latvia), Amber Grid (Lithuania), Gaz System (Poland) and ONTRAS (Germany). Gasgrid’s share is particularly related to the development of the hydrogen network covering the whole of Southern Finland and the market in the Baltic Sea region.  

The Nordic-Baltic Hydrogen Corridor project supports the diversification of energy supply and the accelerated introduction of renewable energy. 

As the hydrogen infrastructure continues to develop around the Baltic Sea, a strong hydrogen market area can also be created, which enables large-scale utilization of abundantly available and competitive renewable energy resources. 

The project strongly supports the EU’s hydrogen strategy and the REPowerEU plan. In addition, the hydrogen corridor of the Nordic and Baltic Sea region supports several regional and EU climate goals, such as the EU’s Green Deal program and the Fit for 55 preparedness package. 

In the first phase of the project, a preliminary study of the project will be prepared during the year 2023. Based on the pre-feasibility study recommendations, a decision on continuation of the project development would be made. Following phases in the project would include engineering and permitting phase, construction and commissioning. 

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Gasgrid scenarios 2040

As part of our strategy work for 2020, we developed far-reaching exploratory scenarios that outline the future operating environment and the development of the gas market.

The scenario work sought an in-depth understanding of changes in the operating environment and looked far into the future, while mapping the key forces of change and uncertainty in the operating environment for Gasgrid and the Finnish gas market.

Clients and stakeholders were widely involved in the development of scenarios in the form of questionnaires and workshops and interviews.

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