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Guarantees of origin

In addition to electricity, the guarantee of origin system will be extended to gas and hydrogen as well as heat and cooling. The Act on Guarantees of Origin for Energy entered into force on 3 December 2021. In accordance with the Act, Gasgrid Finland will be the Issuing Body in Finland and is authorised to issue guarantees of origin for gas and hydrogen, and the register of guarantees of origin will be introduced on 1 April 2022. Guarantees of origin under the new Act can be applied  for energy produced after the entry into force of the Act. The guarantee of origin refers to an electronic document which serves as evidence to the end user that a certain proportion or quantity of energy has been produced using renewable sources.

Guarantees of origin are used to ensure that the gas and hydrogen were produced from renewable energy sources. A quantity of guarantees of origin corresponding to the production volume is issued for energy from renewable energy sources and, accordingly, guarantees of origin are used by cancelling said amount of guarantees of origin issued. Guarantees of origin are issued for gases and hydrogen from renewable energy sources produced in Finland. Guarantees of origin are not required if energy if not sold or marketed as renewable.

Joining the guarantee of origin system​

The guarantee of origin system is open to producers of gas and hydrogen from renewable energy sources, gas users and market participants, regardless of whether the gas is fed into the transmission or distribution network or produced or used outside the natural gas network (so-called offgrid production).

The register of guarantees of origin can be joined by registrating as an account holder. The account holder may make the necessary withdrawals, internal register transfers and foreign transfers (in the initial phase manually with the administrator) in the register of guarantees of origin. The application to be an account holder is made by filling in and signing a service agreement with Gasgrid Finland. The aim is to open registration and the conclusion of service agreements in March 2022.

Owners of production facilities or their duly authorised registrants may register a production facility in the register. The administrator of the register ensures that the production facility complies with the requirements of the Finnish regulations on guarantees of origin and that the facility has, among other things, been verified as required by the Finnish Energy Authority. A production facility may be registered only if it meets the criteria for the approval of the guarantee of origin system. In order to be approved for guarantee-of-origin registration, the facility must be located in Finland (Åland included) and have the capability to produce renewable gas or hydrogen – and be verified, as stated above. Verification instructions can be found on the Finnish Energy Authority website (in Finnish and in Swedish).

The processing of guarantees of origin will begin on 1 April 2022 when the register of guarantees of origin is introduced. For the period between 3 December 2021 and 31 March 2022, guarantees of origin will be issued retrospectively.

Transfer of guarantees of origin between countries

Guarantees of origin can be transferred between EU countries if the guarantees of origin to be transferred meet the legal requirements for guarantees of origin. In the initial phase, Gasgrid Finland processes transfer requests on a case-by-case basis, as there are no agreements with the administrators of guarantees of origin in different countries regarding the requirements and arrangements related to the transfer.

At least at the initial stage, it is not possible to transfer guarantees of origin between Finland and non-EU countries.

The rules, pricing, instructions and agreements of the guarantee of origin system

The Domain Protocol defines the procedures, rights and obligations in force in Finland in relation to gas guarantees of origin. The official consultation of the Domain Protocol will be carried out by the Energy Authority between December and January. The pricing principles of the system are described in a separate document, which will also be submitted to the Energy Authority for approval. 

The rules, service prices and instructions as well as agreement documents will be published on this site in early 2022.

Relationship between the guarantee of origin and the biogas certificate system

A guarantee of origin cannot be issued for renewable gas which has been issued a biogas certificate. At a notification of a biogas certificate holder, Gasgrid Finland may, when the guarantee of origin legislation becomes effective or thereafter, convert a biogas certificate registered in the biogas certificate register to a guarantee of origin. The biogas certificate holder must notify Gasgrid Finland of the conversion by 31 May 2022.

The current biogas certificate system will be phased out when there is no longer a need for biogas certificates. The last biogas certificates will be issued for biogas produced on 31 March 2022, and the biogas certificates must be used within 18 months of the last production date of the energy (the last day of production, i.e., calendar month). It is, however, worth taking into account that the verification obligation of gas and hydrogen for guarantees of origin starts on 1 July 2022, and after that date the guarantees of origin are the only method of verifying origin.

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